10 votos

Cambio de la configuración del editor Vim?

¿Cómo puedo cambiar la configuración por defecto del editor Vim, tales como la configuración de sangría automática, configuración de la Ficha espacio para 4 y cambiar los colores del texto? También cómo establecer vim como predeterminado editor de código?


Mostafa Shahverdy Puntos1559

Editar ~/.vimrc y en:

set autoindent
set tabstop=4
colorscheme default

Nota: escriba :colorscheme y golpear la Ficha con el fin de encontrar disponible colorsschemes instalado para su Vim .


zwets Puntos4689

Poner estos valores en ~/.vimrc. Para obtener más información, escriba

:help vimrc-intro

desde dentro de vim.


Daniel Que Puntos76

Editar su ~/.vimrc archivo. Si usted no tiene un archivo vimrc, a continuación, crear un nuevo archivo agregar el siguiente contenido en ella.

  1. touch ~/.vimrc
  2. Pegar esto :

    " COPY THIS FILE AS .vimrc in home folder.
    " cp vimrc ~/.vimrc
    " .vimrc
    " Smylers's .vimrc
    " http://www.stripey.com/vim/
    " 2000 Jun  1: for `Vim' 5.6
    " This vimrc is divided into these sections:
    " * Terminal Settings
    " * User Interface
    " * Text Formatting -- General
    " * Text Formatting -- Specific File Formats
    " * Search & Replace
    " * Spelling
    " * Keystrokes -- Moving Around
    " * Keystrokes -- Formatting
    " * Keystrokes -- Toggles
    " * Keystrokes -- Insert Mode
    " * Keystrokes -- For HTML Files
    " * `SLRN' Behaviour
    " * Functions Referred to Above
    " This file contains no control codes and no `top bit set' characters above the
    " normal Ascii range, and all lines contain a maximum of 79 characters.  With a
    " bit of luck, this should make it resilient to being uploaded, downloaded,
    " e-mailed, posted, encoded, decoded, transmitted by morse code, or whatever.
    " first clear any existing autocommands:
    "---" * Terminal Settings
    "---" `XTerm', `RXVT', `Gnome Terminal', and `Konsole' all claim to be "xterm";
    "---" `KVT' claims to be "xterm-color":
    "---if &term =~ 'xterm'
    "---  " `Gnome Terminal' fortunately sets $COLORTERM; it needs <BkSpc> and <Del>
    "---  " fixing, and it has a bug which causes spurious "c"s to appear, which can be
    "---  " fixed by unsetting t_RV:
    "---  if $COLORTERM == 'gnome-terminal'
    "---    execute 'set t_kb=' . nr2char(8)
    "---    " [Char 8 is <Ctrl>+H.]
    "---    fixdel
    "---    set t_RV=
    "---  " `XTerm', `Konsole', and `KVT' all also need <BkSpc> and <Del> fixing;
    "---  " there's no easy way of distinguishing these terminals from other things
    "---  " that claim to be "xterm", but `RXVT' sets $COLORTERM to "rxvt" and these
    "---  " don't:
    "---  elseif $COLORTERM == ''
    "---    execute 'set t_kb=' . nr2char(8)
    "---    fixdel
    "---  " The above won't work if an `XTerm' or `KVT' is started from within a `Gnome
    "---  " Terminal' or an `RXVT': the $COLORTERM setting will propagate; it's always
    "---  " OK with `Konsole' which explicitly sets $COLORTERM to "".
    "---  endif
    " * User Interface
    " have syntax highlighting in terminals which can display colours:
    "if has('syntax') && (&t_Co > 2)
    "  syntax on
    " have fifty lines of command-line (etc) history:
    set history=50
    " remember all of these between sessions, but only 10 search terms; also
    " remember info for 10 files, but never any on removable disks, don't remember
    " marks in files, don't rehighlight old search patterns, and only save up to
    " 100 lines of registers; including @10 in there should restrict input buffer
    " but it causes an error for me:
    set viminfo=/10,'10,r/mnt/zip,r/mnt/floppy,f0,h,\"100
    " have command-line completion <Tab> (for filenames, help topics, option names)
    " first list the available options and complete the longest common part, then
    " have further <Tab>s cycle through the possibilities:
    set wildmode=list:longest,full
    " use "[RO]" for "[readonly]" to save space in the message line:
    set shortmess+=r
    " display the current mode and partially-typed commands in the status line:
    set showmode
    set showcmd
    " when using list, keep tabs at their full width and display `arrows':
    execute 'set listchars+=tab:' . nr2char(187) . nr2char(183)
    " (Character 187 is a right double-chevron, and 183 a mid-dot.)
    " have the mouse enabled all the time:
    " set mouse=a
    " don't have files trying to override this .vimrc:
    set nomodeline
    " * Text Formatting -- General
    " don't make it look like there are line breaks where there aren't:
    set nowrap
    " use indents of 2 spaces, and have them copied down lines:
    set shiftwidth=2
    set shiftround
    set expandtab
    set autoindent
    " normally don't automatically format `text' as it is typed, IE only do this
    " with comments, at 79 characters:
    set formatoptions-=t
    set textwidth=79
    " get rid of the default style of C comments, and define a style with two stars
    " at the start of `middle' rows which (looks nicer and) avoids asterisks used
    " for bullet lists being treated like C comments; then define a bullet list
    " style for single stars (like already is for hyphens):
    set comments-=s1:/*,mb:*,ex:*/
    set comments+=s:/*,mb:**,ex:*/
    set comments+=fb:*
    " treat lines starting with a quote mark as comments (for `Vim' files, such as
    " this very one!), and colons as well so that reformatting usenet messages from
    " `Tin' users works OK:
    set comments+=b:\"
    set comments+=n::
    " * Text Formatting -- Specific File Formats
    " enable filetype detection:
    filetype on
    " recognize anything in my .Postponed directory as a news article, and anything
    " at all with a .txt extension as being human-language text [this clobbers the
    " `help' filetype, but that doesn't seem to prevent help from working
    " properly]:
    augroup filetype
      autocmd BufNewFile,BufRead */.Postponed/* set filetype=mail
      autocmd BufNewFile,BufRead *.txt set filetype=human
    augroup END
    " in human-language files, automatically format everything at 72 chars:
    autocmd FileType mail,human set formatoptions+=t textwidth=72
    " for C-like programming, have automatic indentation:
    autocmd FileType c,cpp,slang set cindent
    " for actual C (not C++) programming where comments have explicit end
    " characters, if starting a new line in the middle of a comment automatically
    " insert the comment leader characters:
    autocmd FileType c set formatoptions+=ro
    " for Perl programming, have things in braces indenting themselves:
    autocmd FileType perl set smartindent
    " for CSS, also have things in braces indented:
    autocmd FileType css set smartindent
    " for HTML, generally format text, but if a long line has been created leave it
    " alone when editing:
    autocmd FileType html set formatoptions+=tl
    " for both CSS and HTML, use genuine tab characters for indentation, to make
    " files a few bytes smaller:
    autocmd FileType html,css set noexpandtab tabstop=2
    " in makefiles, don't expand tabs to spaces, since actual tab characters are
    " needed, and have indentation at 8 chars to be sure that all indents are tabs
    " (despite the mappings later):
    autocmd FileType make set noexpandtab shiftwidth=8
    " * Search & Replace
    " make searches case-insensitive, unless they contain upper-case letters:
    set ignorecase
    set smartcase
    " show the `best match so far' as search strings are typed:
    set incsearch
    " assume the /g flag on :s substitutions to replace all matches in a line:
    set gdefault
    " * Keystrokes -- Moving Around
    " have the h and l cursor keys wrap between lines (like <Space> and <BkSpc> do
    " by default), and ~ covert case over line breaks; also have the cursor keys
    " wrap in insert mode:
    set whichwrap=h,l,~,[,]
    " page down with <Space> (like in `Lynx', `Mutt', `Pine', `Netscape Navigator',
    " `SLRN', `Less', and `More'); page up with - (like in `Lynx', `Mutt', `Pine'),
    " or <BkSpc> (like in `Netscape Navigator'):
    noremap <Space> <PageDown>
    noremap <BS> <PageUp>
    noremap - <PageUp>
    " [<Space> by default is like l, <BkSpc> like h, and - like k.]
    " scroll the window (but leaving the cursor in the same place) by a couple of
    " lines up/down with <Ins>/<Del> (like in `Lynx'):
    noremap <Ins> 2<C-Y>
    noremap <Del> 2<C-E>
    " [<Ins> by default is like i, and <Del> like x.]
    " use <F6> to cycle through split windows (and <Shift>+<F6> to cycle backwards,
    " where possible):
    nnoremap <F6> <C-W>w
    nnoremap <S-F6> <C-W>W
    " use <Ctrl>+N/<Ctrl>+P to cycle through files:
    nnoremap <C-N> :next<CR>
    nnoremap <C-P> :prev<CR>
    " [<Ctrl>+N by default is like j, and <Ctrl>+P like k.]
    " have % bounce between angled brackets, as well as t'other kinds:
    set matchpairs+=<:>
    " have <F1> prompt for a help topic, rather than displaying the introduction
    " page, and have it do this from any mode:
    nnoremap <F1> :help<Space>
    vmap <F1> <C-C><F1>
    omap <F1> <C-C><F1>
    map! <F1> <C-C><F1>
    " * Keystrokes -- Formatting
    " have Q reformat the current paragraph (or selected text if there is any):
    nnoremap Q gqap
    vnoremap Q gq
    " have the usual indentation keystrokes still work in visual mode:
    vnoremap <C-T> >
    vnoremap <C-D> <LT>
    vmap <Tab> <C-T>
    vmap <S-Tab> <C-D>
    " have Y behave analogously to D and C rather than to dd and cc (which is
    " already done by yy):
    noremap Y y$
    " * Keystrokes -- Toggles
    " Keystrokes to toggle options are defined here.  They are all set to normal
    " mode keystrokes beginning \t but some function keys (which won't work in all
    " terminals) are also mapped.
    " have \tp ("toggle paste") toggle paste on/off and report the change, and
    " where possible also have <F4> do this both in normal and insert mode:
    nnoremap \tp :set invpaste paste?<CR>
    nmap <F4> \tp
    imap <F4> <C-O>\tp
    set pastetoggle=<F4>
    "" have \tf ("toggle format") toggle the automatic insertion of line breaks
    "" during typing and report the change:
    "nnoremap \tf :if &fo =~ 't' <Bar> set fo-=t <Bar> else <Bar> set fo+=t <Bar>
    "  \ endif <Bar> set fo?<CR>
    "nmap <F3> \tf
    "imap <F3> <C-O>\tf
    " have \tl ("toggle list") toggle list on/off and report the change:
    nnoremap \tl :set invlist list?<CR>
    nmap <F2> \tl
    " have \th ("toggle highlight") toggle highlighting of search matches, and
    " report the change:
    nnoremap \th :set invhls hls?<CR>
    " * Keystrokes -- Insert Mode
    " allow <BkSpc> to delete line breaks, beyond the start of the current
    " insertion, and over indentations:
    set backspace=eol,start,indent
    " have <Tab> (and <Shift>+<Tab> where it works) change the level of
    " indentation:
    inoremap <Tab> <C-T>
    inoremap <S-Tab> <C-D>
    " [<Ctrl>+V <Tab> still inserts an actual tab character.]
    syntax on

  1. Presione Esc
  2. tipo :wq Que es!


EnMiMaquinaFunciona es una comunidad de administradores de sistemas en la que puedes resolver tus problemas y dudas.
Puedes consultar las preguntas de otros sysadmin, hacer tus propias preguntas o resolver las de los demás.

Powered by: